All items on this site have been checked by a several professional camera experts, and given a rating based on our criteria below. We aim to be rigorous in our testing and inspection, but on average we do still make a mistake in 1 out of 200 items according to feedback from our customers in 2018, not to worry, we do have a 14 Day Return Policy.
5/5 – Mint, Unused or Fully Refurbished
Five stars are practically only given to perfect products. Four-star products may not differ externally from five-star products.
Optics are virtually flawless, equal to the day the item left the factory.
Smooth focus that is constant at all distances. Aperture blades move evenly and present no signs of wear.
Camera or accessory:
Like-new mechanics either because it has never been used or recently serviced to a like-new condition.
Clear faults are not visible to the naked eye. Some very light signs of use might be found with a magnifying glass. Might be accompanied with original packaging and accessories, but not always, check item pictures.
4/5 – Excellent condition
No scratches or anything else permanent on the front or back elements of an item. Some dust specs might be within the optics, but to no degree that they will affect photos.
The product has mechanical functions in superb condition.
Smooth and constant focusing feel, although it might be a bit tighter or looser than when it rolled out of the production line. Aperture blades might show small signs of wear, but work perfectly. There is no play with the focusing ring, it instantly moves focus.
Camera or Accessory:
Not new or refurbished, yet still excellent with zero defects.
Normal slight wear visible. Small scratches or wear signs might be visible, but no dents or other signs of impact.
3/5- User Condition
Possibility of dust, coating marks, or minor scratches (front element only). If these are present it’s very likely they will have no affect on your photos, but could have a lower collectible value compared to 4/5 and 5/5 rated items.
May have some play in the focusing ring and may be more loose or more stiff than other examples. Still fully functional, just not optimal. Aperture blades also fully functional, and may show some wear or oil marks.
Camera or Accessory:
Useable and accurate enough in most scenarios. Shutter speeds or light meter readings might vary from the optimal by a fraction (we test all cameras and can determine this). Light seal condition is not optimal, but still usable.
Clear signs of use visible. Can have some dents, scratches and general wear.
2/5- “Poor condition”
The optics might be dusty or hazy and also back element can have signs of use. The optical defects will not affect photographs in all situations, but at least a lowering of contrast in pictures is expectable. The picture quality produced by the lens might still be surprisingly good even with the defects.
A lens might have uneven focusing feel that can contain play. Taking photographs is still doable on the full focusing scale. Aperture blades can show clear signs of oil and use, but the aperture is still usable stopped down, for example when used on a digital camera with an adaptor .
A camera or accessory is still usable, but not all original functions are guaranteed to be still available.
Cosmetic condition: More than average signs of use visible. Item has dents, scratches and paint loss.
1/5 – Faulty or fully broken
The optics have big scratches, fungus or haze that clearly affects both picture quality and contrast of the images. The condition might also be so bad, that fixing is not possible and/or the item is only good for spare parts.
A lens has an unusable focus, either fully stuck or just one that will drive you crazy trying to use it. Aperture blades can be stuck. The condition of a lens, camera or accessory can be so low that it either cannot be fixed or is ok only for spare parts.
Very worn. Rust, paint loss, dents, missing parts. The condition can be so low, that it cannot be repaired or is only ok for spare parts.